Battles and Opportunities (02:56)
The remote location of Patagonia is comprised of the Andes Mountains, the Patagonian Steppe, and the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The coastline is cold in the south and hot in the north. At Cape Horn, over 10,000 people have been killed in 800 shipwreck s in the Southern Ocean.
Need to Feed (03:22)
Cape Horn's location at the Southern Ocean is so far south that no other land exists as a barrier for the wind, creating treacherous conditions. Male rockhopper penguins guard their young, waiting for the mother penguin to bring in fish.
Facing Down a Monster (03:30)
A male sea lion preys on the rockhopper penguins. Once they learn how, female fisher penguins that escape hop up the rocks back to their families.
Following Footsteps of Generations (02:27)
There are nearly half a million rockhopper penguins in the colony, so finding the family is not easy. Once the female reunites with her family, she shares her fish with her chick.
Riches of the Far South (03:53)
One family resides in Puerto Toro, Chile, the farthest south permanent settlement known to mankind. At Puerto Williams and Nassau Bay, conditions are extreme and fishermen find themselves stranded while they wait for the seas to calm.
Waters Fed by Glaciers (03:30)
The Atlantic Ocean is especially fertile because of mountains to the north coated in glaciers that release mineral-rich sediments into the water. Kelp creates underwater forests that contain many species, protected from the currents.
Hunting and Nursing (03:59)
The Malvinas Current flows up the east coast of Patagonia, facilitating life in the ocean. Microscopic phytoplankton gathers in blooms so large that they are visible from outer space. A giant shoal of anchovies feed sea lions, dolphins, and birds, split apart by dolphins.
Payoff of Bravery (03:30)
Sea lion pups learn to swim in calm pools created by low tides. As the tide rises, the dangers of the ocean near, including a killer whale that tries to eat cubs as a sea lion mother tries to shield them.
Specialized Techniques (03:22)
To camouflage their large bodies while hunting, orcas turn sideways to conceal their dorsal fins. Approaching the shore is a delicate job, as a miscalculation could strand a killer whale on the beach. Few orcas can hunt on the shore this way; it is a Patagonian specialization.
Harvesting by Hand (02:00)
The bay of San Jose at Peninsula Valdes is home to few people, but one man here makes his living diving and has been for 17 years. He and his crew collect mussels from the ocean floor, breathing through tubes that stretch to the surface of the water.
Fishing in the Bay (03:10)
Dusky dolphins and a southern right whale approach the crew as they collect mussels underwater. At this location near Peninsula Valdes in the San Jose Bay, more than a hundred baby whales are born yearly.
Beach Master (03:19)
Elephant seals venture north to the warmer climate in search of food, giving birth in hot temperatures. A male seal is ten times larger than a female and one presides over many females on the beach, mating with all of them. A rival male challenges the elephant seal but is chased off with a bite.
Beach Master Defeats Rival (03:44)
Male elephant seals try to remain discreet when attempting to take over a male's harem, but weighing in at four tons makes the task difficult. At dawn, a rival male intrudes, aiming to take over the harem.
Power of the Sea (03:06)
North of the elephant seal colony, sandstone cliffs eroded by wind and rain house burrowing parrots. Male parrots fly inland to find food for their families. They travel far to locate shrubs and grasses that suit their appetites.
Survivors, Pioneers, and Mavericks (04:30)
Burrowing parrots on the northern coast of Patagonia have to find water for their families and take advantage of a water pump at a farm. Peregrine falcons threaten the burrowing parrots, but the parrots group together and drive the falcons away. Patagonia is a harsh place to live, but adaptations made by its animal populations garner rewards.
Credits: Life on the Edge: Wild Patagonia (00:47)
Credits: Life on the Edge: Wild Patagonia
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