Models of Communication (03:26)
The linear model views communication as a one way process. The interactional model includes receiver participation; Wilbur Schramm added the idea of field of experience. The transactional model states that meaning is created in the transaction between sender and receiver.
Motivations for Communication (04:59)
The five common reasons for communication are: sharing information, social connections, develop/maintain relationships, achieve identity needs, and influence others.
Elements of Communication (05:15)
Elements include: sender/receiver, message/symbols, communication channel, communication stimuli, noise/interference, filters, and context.
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (05:07)
This ratio references useful information versus noise; the more layers a message must pass through before reaching the sender, the greater the chances of misunderstanding. Noise types include: physical, psychological, physiological, and semantic. Increasing the number of communication channels increases understanding.
Technical and Semantic Interference (04:27)
Technical interference is external factors that hinder the ability to receive a message. Semantic interference is connotative differences that hinder the ability to receive a message.
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