Introduction: Promoting Independence for Persons (01:27)
Individuals in the early stage of dementia can complete their own self-care. Encourage independence while assisting in activities of daily Living.
Baseline Assessment (01:55)
Every resident must be assessed upon admission to understand how much the disease has progressed. Use history to design a care plan; honor preferences whenever possible.
Early Stages (02:26)
Learn the cognitive, functional, and personality changes associated with mild dementia. Talk about a single topic at one time, name people, use familiar language, and broach important topics when the resident is calm.
Middle Stages (01:56)
Learn the cognitive, functional, and personality changes associated with moderate dementia. Keep choices simple, redirect problem behavior, provide positive options, and give simple directions.
Advanced Stages (01:36)
In this stage the resident is usually bedridden and requires help bathing, eating, drinking, grooming, and toileting. Continue verbal and non-verbal communication, use the resident's name, and be courteous. Pneumonia is a common cause of death for people afflicted with Alzheimer's disease.
How to Modify Daily Tasks (01:07)
Break up daily tasks into simple steps and repeat instructions. Praise Efforts.
Assisting with ADLs: Dressing and Bathing (01:29)
Adjust room temperature and lighting. Allow resident to choose clothing to encourage independence but simplify choices. After bathing report any medical problems to a supervisor.
Assisting with ADLs: Eating (01:28)
Reduce noise and distractions and use colored plates. Praise the person after eating.
Assisting with ADLs: Grooming (01:10)
Encourage easy hairstyles; allow residents to apply makeup under supervision.
Assisting with ADLs: Transferring (01:23)
Cueing is a way for caregivers to provide hints or clues to facilitate independence. Learn statements CNAs can use to trigger a person to stand up after toileting.
Assisting with ADLs: Toileting (01:49)
Dehydration, constipation, medications, stress, and inability to remove clothes in time can cause incompetence. Calm an anxious resident before toileting. Learn their non-verbal cues before needing the restroom.
Credits: Promoting Independence for Persons with Dementia (00:11)
Credits: Promoting Independence for Persons with Dementia
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